Labor Force

Highly Productive Young Professionals

Lower housing costs and Solano’s urban-country-waterfront mix attract a diverse, growing population of young professionals who call Solano County home. Many of these residents currently commute to Bay Area jobs, making them an ideal match for businesses seeking to scale outside the more expensive economic centers around San Francisco and Silicon Valley. These are employees that companies love — Solano businesses surveyed in 2016 gave their employees a high productivity rating (4 out of 5).

Laborshed

2.8 million workers in a 50-mile radius. As the Bay Area’s northeast county, Solano has the potential to draw from a huge labor pool. Inbound commuters can take Amtrak’s Capitol Corridor train which makes multiple runs from the Bay Area and Sacramento.

Within the county, there are 107,000 outbound commuters who could work closer to home. 

  • Out-commuters work in construction, manufacturing, healthcare and government.
  • 16.2% of out-commuters have a bachelor’s degree or higher.
Labor Force and Unemployment
June 2016 Total Labor Force Number Unemployed Unemployment Rate
Solano County 211,500 11,300 5.3%
Laborshed Area 2,816,200 135,500 4.8%
2015 Avg. Annual
Solano County 206,600 12,600 6.1%
Laborshed Area 2,313,400 138,000 5.1%
2014 Avg. Annual
Solano County 204,000 15,300 7.5%
Laborshed Area 2,746,900 192,100 6.6%

Source: California Employment Development Department, Labor Market Information Division, Current & Historical Unemployment Rate & Labor Force and Monthly Labor Force Data for Cities and Designated Places data tables, Sept 2016
Laborshed Area includes: Alameda, Contra Costa, Napa, Sacramento, San Francisco, and Yolo Counties with commute

distance of <50 miles and identified commute patterns by Census, (http://onthemap.ces.census.gov/)

Commute Patterns

Commute Patterns
    Distribution of workers by percent
Commute Time Number of Workers Local State U.S. 
Less than 15 minutes 49,168 28.0% 23.9% 27.4%
15 to 29 minutes 52,892 30.0% 35.9% 36.4%
30 to 44 minutes 30,847 17.5% 21.6% 20.1%
45 to 59 minutes 16,922 9.6% 8.2% 7.8%
60 or more minutes 26,096 15.0% 10.5% 8.3%
Estimated Average Travel Time to Work 33 min. 30 min. 28 min.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2014, Table B08012, July 2017

 

Outbound/Inbound Commute Patterns - 2014
Location Outbound Workers Inound Workers Distance Miles
Sacramento Metro 19,300 15,400 25 - 45
North Bay Counties 20,900 9,500 19 - 50
San Francisco &
San Mateo Counties
16,600 4,500 47 - 64
East & South Bay Counties 43,500 19,000 27 - 64
San Joaquin County 2,750 3,030 30 - 53
Other 4,939 8,584  
Total Daily Commuters 107,989 60,014  
Source: Inflow/Outflow Analysis, 2014, (http://onthemap.ces.census.gov/) and MSF II Task 3.4 Laborshed, prepared by Economic Forensics; Point to Point Distances: Destination Solano County Offices, Fairfield

 

Occupational Distribution of Commuters - Share of Totals (%)
Occupational Categories Live and Work in Solano County Outbound Commuters Inbound Commuters
Total Workers in Each Commute Category 62,431 117,167 64,786
% of Total Workers 
Management 10.0% 11.3% 8.2%
Business and Financial Operations 6.5% 4.9% 3.8%
Computer and mathematical 2.8% 2.9% 1.3%
Architecture and Engineering 2.0% 1.6% 0.8%
Life, Physical, and Social Science 1.2% 1.7% 0.7%
Community and Social Service 1.8% 2.5% 2.0%
Legal 0.8% 1.0% 0.9%
Education and Training 2.7% 4.8% 5.2%
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media 1.2% 1.7% 1.2%
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical 7.7% 9.5% 6.2%
Healthcare Support 2.7% 1.8% 3.2%
Protective Service 3.2% 3.4% 3.1%
Food Preparation and Serving Related 2.5% 3.0% 7.4%
Building/Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance 2.4% 2.1% 3.8%
Personal Care and Service 3.1% 2.1% 5.8%
Sales and Related 7.2% 8.2% 12.8%
Office and Administrative Support 14.6% 10.0% 15.4%
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry 1.3% 1.3% 0.8%
Construction and Extraction 8.2% 7.8% 4.1%
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair 5.2% 5.6% 2.5%
Production/Manufacturing 6.0% 5.2% 5.6%
Transportation and Material Moving 6.9% 7.6% 5.2%
Source: American Community Survey, 2014 (Factfinder.census.gov)

Labor Costs

Lower average wages. Housing costs in Solano County are half that of the metro region, and the lower cost of living is reflected in lower average wage rates for many occupations. Your business may be able to reduce hiring or training costs through programs described in the Business & Industry Groups

Wages by Selected Occupations
Management, Business & Financial SOC Code* Starting Wage Experienced Wage
Accountant & Auditor 13-2011 $28.73 $45.17
Computer & Info Systems Manager 11-3021 $37.57 $66.87
Human Resource Specialist 13-1071 $26.77 $44.20
Human Resources Manager 11-3121 $43.29 $67.57
Industrial Productions Manager 11-3051 $37.56 $56.79
Labor Relations Specialist 13-1075 $30.43 $47.60
Purchasing Agent (ex wholesale, retail & farm) 13-1023 $24.19 $43.09
Sales Manager 11-2022 $22.41 $53.57
Office Administration & Support SOC Code Starting Wage Experienced Wage
Bookkeeping, Accounting Clerk 43-3031 $16.19 $25.60
Customer Service Rep 43-4051 $15.18 $23.37
Data Entry Keyer 43-9021 $13.51 $22.44
Executive Secretary & Administrative Assistant 43-6011 $20.81 $31.83
Info & Records Clerk 43-4199 $21.09 $26.28
Payroll & Timekeeping Clerk 43-3051 $18.10 $26.40
Secretary (ex legal, medical) 43-6014 $14.62 $22.95
Shipping, Receiving, Traffic Clerk 43-5071 $13.32 $24.84
Supervisor of Officer Workers 43-1011 $20.95 $34.46
Computer & Information Technology SOC Code Starting Wage Experienced Wage
Computer Programmer 15-1131 $40.21 $57.22
Network & Computer Systems Administrator 15-1142 $31.81 $49.85
Architecture & Engineering SOC Code Starting Wage Experienced Wage
Architectural & Civil Drafter 17-3011 $17.36 $30.16
Civil Engineer 17-2051 $35.19 $57.86
Electrical & Electronic Engineering Technician 17-3023 $27.77 $53.00
Electronics Engineer (ex computer) 17-2072 $25.40 $46.08
Mechanical Engineer 17-2141 $34.88 $54.00
Construction & Maintenance SOC Code Starting Wage Experienced Wage
Auto Service Mechanic & Technician 49-3023 $15.09 $23.43
Carpenter 47-2031 $22.17 $35.66
Construction Laborer 47-2061 $15.44 $26.31
Electrician 47-2111 $24.77 $43.19
Equipment Operator 47-2073 $29.10 $40.55
Industrial Equipment Electronic Repair 49-2094 $17.33 $35.29
Industrial Machinery Mechanic 49-9041 $27.95 $36.51
Machinery Maintenance 49-9043 $15.38 $26.10
Maintenance & Repair Worker 49-9071 $14.85 $27.89
Painter 47-2141 $16.92 $29.13
Supervisor of Trades Workers 47-1011 $30.53 $47.51
Production & Transportation SOC Code Starting Wage Experienced Wage
Assembler & Fabricator 51-209 $13.38 $18.60
Computer Controlled Machine Tool Operator 51-4011 $17.15 $25.69
Industrial Truck & Tractor Operator 53-7051 $12.19 $18.88
Machinist 51-4041 $34.30 $46.22
Material Movers 53-7062 $10.30 $16.47
Production Supervisor 51-1011 $24.14 $36.32
Quality Inspector, Tester, Sorter, Sampler, Weigher 51-9061 $14.44 $24.93
Truck Driver, Heavy 53-3032 $16.85 $28.89
Truck Driver, Light 53-3033 $10.69 $29.19
Welder, Cutter, Solderer, Brazer 51-4121 $15.75 $27.87
Life & Physical Science SOC Code Starting Wage Experienced Wage
Food Sciences Technologist 19-1012 $21.49 $48.29
Environmental Science Technician 19-4091 $20.87 $28.52
Healthcare Practitioners & Technical SOC Code Starting Wage Experienced Wage
LPN and LVN 29-2061 $24.09 $31.42
Medical & Clinical Lab Technician 29-2012 $25.36 $32.37
Medical Records Technician 29-2071 $20.34 $29.09
Pharmacy Aides 31-9094 $17.37 $26.92
Physical Therapist 29-1123 $46.08 $59.37
Physical Therapist Assistant 31-2021 $37.56 $36.10
Registered Nurse 29-1141 $52.44 $74.82
Sales, Marketing, Design & Related SOC Code Starting Wage Experienced Wage
Commercial & Industrial Designer 27-1021 $27.81 $37.23
Graphic Designer 27-1024 $19.74 $29.94
Retail Salesperson 41-2031 $9.45 $13.45
Sales Rep (mfg. technical, scientific) 41-4011 $29.46 $63.03
Sales Rep (services, all other) 41-3099 $17.29 $31.11
Source: State of California Employment Development Department, Labor Market Information Division, Employment and Wages Occupations, 1st Quarter 2016 data for Butte County/MSA, July 2016. *Standard Occupational Code

Wage Comparison by Occupation

Wage Comparison by Occupation
Occupations Solano Co. Alameda Co Napa Co Sacramento Co San Francisco Co
Wages by Percentile 25% 75% 25% 75% 25% 75% 25% 75% 25% 75%
Management Occupations
General and Operations Managers $32.06 $63.94 $38.83 $87.47 $35.03 $74.01 $32.45 $62.08 $41.08 n/a
Marketing Managers $42.19 $87.66 $60.34 n/a $49.81 $84.52 $33.03 $76.21 $66.71 n/a
Sales Managers $22.41 $53.57 $42.66 n/a $41.98 >$90.00 $28.83 $71.37 $46.12 n/a
Administrative Services Managers $40.32 $62.85 $33.99 $60.59 $30.61 $54.33 $31.31 $52.19 $36.20 $69.10
Computer and Information Systems Managers $37.57 $66.87 $53.38 >$90.00 $42.87 $73.72 $51.01 $72.37 $69.01 n/a
Industrial Production Managers $37.56 $56.79 $35.59 >$70.24 n/a n/a $34.74 $62.43 $47.31 $80.23
All Other Manager Occupations $44.49 $71.54 $50.45 $84.27 $38.29 $73.44 $29.51 $62.86 $52.66 $83.39
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Accountants and Auditors $28.73 $45.19 $29.56 $37.80 $27.96 $45.33 $25.89 $40.65 $32.02 $52.55
Purchasing Agents $24.19 $43.09 $27.99 $46.34 $28.47 $42.36 $25.01 $43.96 $31.81 $50.60
Human Resources Specialists $26.77 $44.20 $27.63 $49.08 $27.77 $43.64 $25.16 $41.99 $31.31 $52.25
Management Analysts $28.82 $50.58 $32.08 $58.03 $27.19 $55.03 $27.11 $34.17 $37.01 $73.51
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists $22.84 $39.40 $27.76 $58.96 $24.59 $44.55 $22.02 $43.97 $29.81 $59.65
All Other Business & Financial Operation Occupations $28.19 $49.06 $29.20 $54.44 $23.75 $43.62 $27.21 $44.99 $33.26 $58.01
Computer and Mathematical Occupations
Computer Systems Analysts $36.66 $46.42 $33.37 $56.80 $30.84 $45.36 $33.90 $44.21 $43.20 $67.13
Software Developers, Applications $46.30 $60.56 $46.91 $72.42 $37.50 $61.32 $42.09 $60.22 $44.14 $70.27
Computer Programmers $40.21 $57.22 $32.35 $60.05 n/a n/a $34.56 $44.21 $40.07 $67.57
Database Administrators $37.57 $57.17 $32.17 $58.73 $31.03 $68.00 $29.57 $50.47 $38.74 $66.01
Network and Computer Systems Administrators $31.81 $49.85 $40.73 $61.60 $31.44 $47.14 $30.61 $48.61 $39.08 $64.08
All Other Computer & Mathematical Occupations $23.67 $53.02 $38.03 $65.73 $19.35 $56.97 $27.93 $50.41 $38.71 $63.93
Engineering Occupations  
Industrial Engineers $36.58 $59.63 $36.84 $58.83 $35.38 $57.56 $34.62 $55.37 $41.59 $61.73
Mechanical Engineers $34.88 $54.00 $39.84 $59.62 $29.94 $49.81 $35.13 $55.78 $37.17 $63.73
Mechanical Drafters $23.02 $35.01 $21.44 $39.89 n/a n/a $21.21 $34.40 $26.42 $42.60
Civil Engineering Technicians $27.28 $44.39 $26.61 $36.94 $28.50 $47.90 $25.90 $37.21 $25.45 $30.31
All Other Engineering Occupations $38.09 $66.04 $42.22 $70.76 $39.34 $46.74 $41.17 $60.39 $43.28 $73.94
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Food Scientists and Technologists $21.49 $48.29 $24.67 $47.19 $28.13 $26.97 $22.24 $36.84 $31.69 $57.47
Soil and Plant Scientists n/a n/a $33.08 $39.80 $21.76 $44.50 $27.54 $47.75 n/a n/a
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health $33.06 $45.26 $32.06 $57.60 $34.05 $46.16 $30.19 $48.16 $33.33 $61.85
Agricultural and Food Science Technicians n/a n/a $17.37 $28.93 $20.52 $25.52 $16.77 $24.18 n/a n/a
Biological Technicians $18.45 $40.81 $20.48 $36.22 n/a n/a $15.70 $23.22 $27.14 $42.92
All Other Life, Physical & Social Science Occupations $18.45 $40.81 $20.48 $36.22 n/a n/a $15.70 $23.22 $27.14 $42.92
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
First-Line Supervisors $20.95 $34.46 $23.64 $38.61 $26.12 $31.08 $30.77 $38.22 $25.73 $39.98
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks $16.19 $25.60 $18.60 $28.04 $18.99 $28.07 $16.36 $24.39 $19.78 $30.00
Customer Service Representatives $15.81 $23.37 $16.54 $25.76 $13.99 $23.48 $13.67 $23.21 $17.63 $29.04
Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks $17.25 $31.23 $21.34 $31.75 $20.25 $29.54 $18.53 $28.53 $23.12 $35.54
Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks $13.32 $24.84 $13.78 $21.35 $16.38 $22.97 $11.82 $18.88 $15.37 $23.11
All Other Office & Administrative Support Occupations $9.60 $14.82 $10.61 $23.32 $10.63 $16.79 $9.56 $13.99 $11.63 $21.92
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers $24.06 $32.25 $16.81 $22.96 $19.56 $37.48 $14.20 $32.51 $17.21 $54.20
Agricultural Equipment Operators $13.53 $21.17 n/a n/a $13.17 $15.36 $10.06 $11.96 n/a n/a
Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse $9.40 $10.89 $9.55 $15.74 $10.67 $14.21 $9.44 $11.17 $11.42 $14.72
Production Occupations
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers $24.14 $36.32 $21.72 $43.23 $26.06 $42.98 $20.64 $36.23 $23.72 $48.19
Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters n/a n/a $16.96 $24.50 n/a n/a $15.09 $27.20 n/a n/a
Team Assemblers $11.25 $19.53 $12.24 $25.88 $15.66 $32.92 $11.49 $17.18 $12.95 $20.68
Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic $17.15 $25.69 $15.06 $26.99 n/a n/a $15.46 $22.77 $17.94 $26.58
Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic $12.98 $23.66 $12.72 $19.04 n/a n/a $13.09 $17.74 $11.59 $26.38
Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic $11.72 $18.24 $13.38 $19.65 n/a n/a $12.97 $18.75 $11.06 $14.77
Machinists $34.30 $46.22 $18.90 $33.47 $12.14 $28.75 $18.82 $31.74 $16.92 $39.24
Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers $15.75 $27.87 $17.51 $28.73 $20.18 $23.47 $16.43 $29.98 $21.42 $43.77
Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders $12.72 $19.18 $15.98 $32.50 n/a n/a $13.87 $22.03 $14.52 $26.85
All Other Production Operations Occupations $13.05 $26.50 $9.73 $17.20 n/a n/a $10.65 $18.75 $9.91 $23.68
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, $15.66 $28.95 $20.09 $37.41 $18.18 $19.69 $10.99 $21.53 $12.77 $24.44
First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machinery $18.55 $37.68 $23.39 $39.51 $18.98 $31.11 $21.07 $35.87 $24.61 $40.68
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand $10.30 $16.47 $11.16 $19.45 $10.74 $16.63 $10.10 $17.40 $11.84 $17.36
All Other Transportation and Material Moving Occupations $9.47 $11.91 $9.57 $13.22 $9.82 $13.60 $9.62 $17.03 $10.25 $10.25
Source: State of California Employment Development Department, Labor Market Information Division. Employment and Wages Occupations, 1st Quarter 2016 data, July 2016. *Standard Occupational Code

State Labor Laws

No surprises! Here is a brief summary of state employment requirements that may affect your payroll costs. Please consult with the agencies listed for the most up-to-date details. Additional information about personal taxes, business taxes and licensing can be found under Government.

Employment Taxes & Mandated Benefits
Disability Insurance 0.9% (employee wage deduction)
Based on $106,742 taxable wages, 
limit is $980/employee per calendar year
California Employment
Development Department
Employment Training Tax 0.1% (employee wage deduction)
The taxable wage limit us $7,000/ 
employee per calendar year
California Employment
Development Department
Unemployment Insurance

1.5%-6.2% on 1st $7,000/ employee per 
calendar year, based on an employer’s 
experience rating and the balance in 
the UI Fund.


3.4% for new employers for 2-3 years

California Employment 
Development Department
Workers' Compensation Based on payroll and occupations California Department of 
Industrial Relations
Family Leave Employees covered by Disability 
Insurance (see above) are eligible for
up to six (6) weeks of paid family leave
to care for a seriously ill child, spouse,
parent or domestic partner, or to bond with 
a new minor child. Disability Insurance 
is paid by employee.
California Employment
Development Department
Source: California Employment Development Department (www.edd.ca.gov/), 2016 California Employer’s Guide, Publication DE 44 Rev. 42 (1-16) (www.edd.ca.gov/pdf_pub_ctr/de44.pdf); California Department of Industrial Relations (www.dir.ca.gov/default.html), July 2016